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中职国家教学标准落地的“师本”策略
2018年10月08日 06:47         |         来源:
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zhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhun,shizhidaoheguanlizhongdengzhiyexuexiaojiaoxuegongzuodezhongyaoyiju,shibaozhengjiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangherencaipeiyangguigedejichuxing、ganglingxingjiaoxuewenjian。2012nianjiaoyububangongtingxiafa《guanyuzhidingzhongdengzhiyexuexiaozhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhundeyijian》,tichuyaojianlijianquanzhiyejiaoyuzhiliangbaozhangtixi,chenglilezhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhunzhidinggongzuolingdaoxiaozuhezhuanjiazu,qidonglezhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhunzhidinggongzuo,jiezhi2014nian12yuegongzhidingbinggongbuhangai《zhongdengzhiyexuexiaozhuanyemulu》16gezhuanyedaleide230gezhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhun(yixiajianchengguojiajiaoxuebiaozhun)。jinnian,《jiaoyubu2018niangongzuoyaodian》youzhichu:yaotuijinjiaoyubiaozhunhuagongzuo,shishizhiyejiaoyuzhiliangfazhangongjianzhan,wanshanheshishizhiyejiaoyuguojiajiaoxuebiaozhun……keyikanchu,tuijinzhiyejiaoyugexiang“biaozhun”jianshehe“biaozhun”luoshishijinhoutigaozhongdengzhiyejiaoyurencaipeiyangdezhongyaocuoshi。danshi,guojiajiaoxuebiaozhunbanbushishisannianyilai,qiluoshiqingkuangjiujingruhe,zhijinhaimeiyouxiangguandeyanjiufenxibaogao,bizhechangshicongshizhengyanjiudejiaodujinxingfenxiyupingjia。

国家教学标准落地行动困境分析

yishicongguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunbenshenlaikan,cunzaizheruoganxiantianxingde“liangcengpi”xianxiang。biru,congluoshideguochenglaikan,guojiabiaozhun、diqubiaozhun、xuexiaobiaozhun、jiaoshibiaozhun、xueshengxidedebiaozhun、zhiliangjiancedebiaozhundeng,tamenbicizhijiandoucunzaizhe“liangcengpi”。

ershicongguojiajiaoxuebiaozhuntixidewanzhengxingshangkan,daomuqianweizhi,guojiajiaoxuebiaozhunhaimeiyouxingchengyugegezhuanyepeitaodegemenkechengdejutibiaozhun。zhongdengzhiyexuexiaodezhuanyekechengshezhifenweigonggongjichukehezhuanyejinengke,chulegonggongjichuke(deyuke、wenhuake、tiyuyujiankang、yishu)yijigebiezhuanyehexinke(jixiezhitudengdaleizhuanyejichukecheng)youguojiatongyizhidingdejiaoxuedagangwai,daduoshuzhuanyedehexinkechenghezhuanyejinengfangxiangke,haimeiyoutongyideguojiakechengbiaozhun,gediqu、gexuexiao、gezhuanyedadoushigeziweizheng。ciwai,guanyuzheixiebiaozhundechenshu,yezhishitixianzaiguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunde“kechengshezhijiyaoqiu”zhong,wangwangdoushiliaoliaoshuyu,guoyugaikuo,kecaozuoxingbuqiang,wufaqidaojiaoxuezhidaohejiaoxuepingjiadezuoyong。

启动国家教学标准“师本”化实施策略

zenyangtuijinguojiajiaoxuebiaozhun“luodi”shibixuzhengquemianduidexianshiwenti。yinwei,guanshezhongdengzhiyejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangdejiaodianzaiyuketangjiaoxue,eryingxiangketangjiaoxuezhiliangdeguanjianzaiyujiaoshiruhebalijiedeguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunluoshidaoketangjiaoxuezhongqu,kejian,jiaoshishiluoshiguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunzuikeyikaodeguanjianliliang。yinci,xiaochuguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunluoshiguochengzhongdeduoge“liangcengpi”xianxiang,guanjianzaiyujiejuejiaoshiduiguojiajiaoxuebiaozhundelijieyushijianwenti。

bizheyiwei,yigekexingdecelveshishishiguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunde“shiben”huashishicelve。yijuguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunhediqujiaoxuebiaozhun,zuzhijiaoshirenzhenyanjiugezhuanyeshishixingdejiaoxuebiaozhun,yijuxiaoqing、xueqing,yizhuanyeweidanwei,congjutixuekerushou,bianzhijiaoshimenzijidekechengshishijihua,jianchengshibenkechengjihua。qizhong,suoweishiben,gumingsiyi,jiushiyigezhuanyegemenkechengdejiaoshiweigenben,tixianguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunluoshidejichuzaiyujiaoshi。suoweikechengjihua,jiushianzhaokechengdejibenyaosu,ji:kechengdemubiaoyaoqiu、kechengdejiaoxueneirong、kechengdejutishishi、kechengdexiaoguopingjia,jinxingzhengtishejiheguihua。shibenkechengjihuakeyishixueqide,yekeyishixueniande,shiduixueqihuoxuenianzhuanyejiaoxuejinxingdezhengtishejiheguihua,youliyujiaoshizhengtibawokechengdemubiaoyuneirong,youliyuxueshengmingquesuoxuekechengdezongtimubiaoyuneirongkuangjia,youliyuxuexiaokaizhanjiaoxueguanliyupingjia。

国家教学标准师本课程计划编制建议

shibenkechengjihuakeyi《axuexiaobzhuanyeckechengshishijihua》mingming,baokuojibenxinxihekechengyaosu。jibenxinxizhuyaobaokuo:xuexiaomingcheng、kechengmingcheng、shiyongzhuanye、kechengxingzhi、jiaocaibanben、shoukexueshi、shoukeduixiang、shejirenyuanyushenherenyuan。kechengyaosuzhuyaobaokuo:kechengshezhi、kechengmubiao、kechengneirong、kechengshishi、kechengpingjia。jutibianzhiguochengzhongyaozhuyiyixiashixiang:

yiyaoyoudajuguan。bianzhishibenkechengjihuashizairenzhenxuexilinghuiguojiajiaoxuebiaozhunjichushangjinxingde,jiaoshiyaotiaochuxiaaide“xuekekecheng”guannian,shulizhuanyeyishi、kechengyishi、biaozhunyishi,bawohaokechengdediweihejiazhi,chulihaokechengmubiao、neirong、shishi、pingjiazhijiandeguanxi,buyaobakechengshishijihuaxiechengxueqihuoxuenianjiaoxuejinduanpaibiao。

eryaotuanduihezuo。shibenkechengjihuashishidezhutisuiranshijiaoshigeti,danzaiyanzhideguochengzhongyaochongfenfahuizhuanyejiaoyanzudezuoyong,jitiyanjiu、gongtongshangliang、dachenggongshi。buyaobayanzhigongzuokanchengshijiaoshigerendeshi,fouze,shibenkechengjihuajiubunengfahuichuyingyoudezuoyong,fanerhuichengweijiaoshidefudan,rangjiaoshigandaoyanfan。

sanyaoguanzhushijian。shibenkechengjihuabianzhiyaoguanzhuketangjiaoxueshijian,yaoqidao“daojiao”“daoping”dezuoyong,yejiushinengduijiaoshidejiaoxueqidaozhidaozuoyong,nengduijiaoshidejiaoxuexiaoguoqidaopingjiadezuoyong。ciwai,kechengyaosujinliangzuodaoquanmian、juti,shejikechengshishidefangfangmianmian。

siyaotuchuzhongdian。juticaozuoshi,ketuchuyixiazhongdianneirong:

diyi,kechengshezhi。yaogaikuoshuominggaikechengzaizhuanyepeiyangzhongdediwei,shihexinkehaishifangxiangjinengke,shibixiukehaishixuanxiuke,yijiyuqitakechengdeguanxideng,tixianxiangguanjishulingyuzhiyegangwei(qun)derenzhiyaoqiu,shuomingxueshengxuexibenkechengyingzhangwonaxiezhishi、xingchengnaxiejineng、yangchengnaxiesuzhi,fanyinggaikechengduishixiangaizhuanyerencaipeiyangmubiaosuojuyoudezuoyong。

dier,kechengmubiao。gaikuoshuomingtongguobenmenkechengdexuexixueshengyinggaidadaodezhishi、jinenghetaidushuiping,conghongguanshangmiaoshuxueshengyingzhangwonaxiezhishi、xingchengnaxiejineng、yangchengnaxietaidu,mubiaobiaoshuqingchu,jinliangshaoyonghuobuyong“zhidao”“lejie”“lijie”“shuxi”zhileidedongci,bingliechubenkechenggegeweidujiaoxuemubiaojigegexuexishuipingjingchangshiyongdexingweidongci。

disan,kechengneirong。gaikuojieshaobenkechengdazhiqingkuang,rugongfenweijigezhangjie,duoshaogezhishidian,duoshaogexueshidelilunke,duoshaogexueshideshijianhuoshixunke,jihuayongduoshaogexueshiwanchengdeng。meigehexingainianduiyingyigexuexishuiping,hexingainianshiyijiekezhongdezuixiaozhishidanyuan,shiguangyidezhishi(hanjineng),zhishixuexishuipingfenweilejie、lijie、yingyong,jinengxuexishuipingfenweimofang、dulicaozuo、qianyi,ruyouteshuyaoqiudemubiaofenlei,yaoanyouguanyaoqiuchuli。

disi,kechengshishi。yaofenxixueshengxuexibenkechengdeyiyoujichu,baokuozhishijichu、jinengjichu、xuexitaidu,younaxiexuexiyoushihexuexibuzu,yaozuorenzhenfenxi,buyaofanfanertan。jianyaoshuomingkechengshishidezhuyaosilu,baokuojiaoxuecelve、fangfadeng,yijijianyaoshuomingbenkechengshishishiyongdejiaoxueziyuan,baokuojiaoxueshebeiyijiwangluojiaoxueziyuan。

diwu,kechengpingjia。shuomingbenkechengdezhishiyujinengdekaohebiaozhunjipingjiabanfa,baokuopingshikaohe(hanketangtiwen、kehouzuoye、danyuanceyandeng)heqizhong、qimokaohesuozhanbizhong,shixunke、lilunkedepingjiakaohe,kaoshixingshi、shitileixingdeng。lingwai,haiyaotiqianshejibenkechengxueyeshuipingjiancedeqizhongheqimokaoshijuan。

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